Myanmar Facts

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MYANMAR LITERATURE

The literature of Myanmar spans over a millennium. Burmese literature was historically influenced by Indian and Thai cultures, as seen in many works, such as the Ramayana. The Burmese language, unlike other Southeast Asian languages (e.g. Thai, Khmer), adopted words primarily from Pali rather than from Sanskrit. In addition, Burmese literature has the tendency to reflect local folklore and culture.

MYANMAR GEOGRAPHY

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MYANMAR FOODS

The food in Myanmar has its own special identity. Although it draws on its’ neighbors, it is neither as hot as Thai, as spicy as Indian nor does it resemble Chinese cooking much except in the stir-fry vegetables. Nowadays various kinds of Myanmar food and snacks are available in the street stalls, market stalls and local restaurants. Also most of hotels in different destinations offer Myanmar set menus, which allows visitors to try the taste of the Myanmar cuisine.

MYANMAR CLIMATE

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MYANMAR TRADITIONAL FESTIVALS

Myanmars have a penchant for theatre and festivals. Most festivals called pwe in Myanmar are related to religion and quite often, they are carried out under the patronage of a pagoda or a pagoda trustee committee. Since long time ago, most of the famous pagodas in Myanmar had their paya-pwes (pagoda-festivals) during winter and usually most are celebrated in the month of Tabaung (March). Pagoda festivals are literally glilttering affairs.

MYANMAR SUBDIVISIONS

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MYANMAR TRADITIONAL MUSIC

The Burmese music has a combination of several different musical instruments. There are five kinds of musical instruments: kyay (alloy containing copper ) , kyo (strings) , tha-yay (hide) , lay (air) ,lekkoke (clapper)
The Myanmar musical instruments can be further categorized into two kinds including concert ( a-nyeint) and orchestra ( saing-waing). There are more Myanmar traditional musical instruments such as Harp, Pattalar, Hne.

MYANMAR GOVERNMENT & POLITICS

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MYANMAR DANCES

The earliest physical evidence of Myanmar traditional dance is excavated antiques in the site of the Pyu city of Srikshetra. Excavated antiques include small bronze figures of a flute player, a drummer, a cymbal clapper, a dancer and a fifth figure that looks like a dwarf clown carrying a sack on its back

MYANMAR ECONOMY

The country is one of the poorest nations in Southeast Asia, suffering from decades of stagnation, mismanagement and isolation. Burma’s GDP grows at an average rate of 2.9% annually – the lowest rate of economic growth in the Greater Mekong Subregion

MYANMAR TRADITIONAL COSTUMES

In Myanmar, there are about 135 ethnic groups. Among them, the major races are Bamar, Shan, Kayin, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Mon and Rakhine. They all have their own dialect, tradition, culture, legendary and traditional costume.
The traditional costume consist “longyi†(sarong) and “eingyi†(blouse) & (shirt). Centuries ago, firstly the people from India, Tibet and Mongolia came into Myanmar

MYANMAR POPULATION

Myanmar has a population of about 50 million. Current population figures are rough estimates because the last partial census, conducted by the Ministry of Home and Religious Affairs under the control of the military junta, was taken in 1983. No trustworthy nationwide census has been taken in Myanmar since the 1930s. There are over 600,000 registered migrant workers from Myanmar in Thailand, and millions more work illegally

MYANMAR TRADITIONAL ARTS

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MYANMAR LANGUAGE

Burmese, the mother tongue of the Bamar and official language of Myanmar, is linguistically related to Tibetan and to the Chinese languages. It is written in a script consisting of circular and semi-circular letters, which comes from the Mon script.

MYANMAR TRADITIONAL HANDICRAFTS

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MYANMAR RELIGIONS

The main religions of the country are Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%), Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), Spiritualism (1.2%) and others (0.2%). Religious intolerance or discrimination on grounds of religion is nonexistent in the Union of Myanmar throughout its long history.

MYANMAR NATIONAL FLAG

The Myanmar flag was accredited on March 2 nd , 1974. The flag of Myanmar is rectangular in shape and the background color is red. The white stars on the dark blue portion of the flag signify the fourteen states of Myanmar which surrounds the pinion and the ears of rice.

MYANMAR EDUCATION SYSTEM

The education system of Myanmar is operated by the Ministry of Education. Universities and professional institutes from upper Myanmar and lower Myanmar are run by two separate entities, the Departments of Higher Learning 1 and 2, whose offices are based in Mandalay and Yangon respectively. The education system is based on the United Kingdom’s system, due to nearly a century of British presence in Myanmar.